List of African Nations, Geography and Exciting Places to Visit

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  • Emeka
  • Sat 17, December 2022
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This post provides a list of all African countries along with a brief description of each country’s geography and some popular places to visit. The list includes 54 countries, ranging from small island nations to large landlocked countries. Each country is uniquely diverse, with its own distinct landscapes, cultures, and histories. The article aims to provide a general overview of each country, highlighting some of the most notable and interesting places to visit in each one.

1. Algeria

The largest country in Africa by land area, and it has a rich history and culture with a blend of Arab, Berber, and European influences. Some popular places to visit in Algeria include Algiers, the capital city, the Roman ruins of Tipaza, the Saharan desert, and the Tassili n’Ajjer National Park.

2. Angola

A country located in southwestern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including rainforests, savannas, and deserts. Some popular places to visit in Angola include the capital city of Luanda, the coastal town of Benguela, the Mupa National Park, and the Mbanza Kongo World Heritage site.

3. Benin

A small country located in West Africa with a long history and a diverse culture influenced by various ethnic groups. Some popular places to visit in Benin include the capital city of Porto-Novo, the Abomey historical site, the Pendjari National Park, and the Ouidah Museum of History.

4. Botswana

A landlocked country in southern Africa known for its wildlife and natural beauty, including the Okavango Delta, one of the largest inland deltas in the world. Some popular places to visit in Botswana include the capital city of Gaborone, the Chobe National Park, the Kalahari Desert, and the Tsodilo Hills.

5. Burkina Faso

A landlocked country in West Africa with a rich culture and history, and a diverse range of landscapes including savannas, forests, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Burkina Faso include the capital city of Ouagadougou, the Bobo-Dioulasso market, the Karfiguela Falls, and the Poni National Park.

6. Burundi

A small country located in East Africa with a rich history and culture, and a diverse range of landscapes including mountains, forests, and savannas. Some popular places to visit in Burundi include the capital city of Bujumbura, the Ruvubu National Park, the Kibira National Park, and the Rusizi National Park.

7. Cameroon

A country located in central and western Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including mountains, forests, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Cameroon include the capital city of Yaoundé, the Dja Faunal Reserve, the Korup National Park, and the Lobeke National Park.

8. Cape Verde

An archipelago of ten islands located off the northwest coast of Africa with a rich history and culture influenced by Portuguese, African, and Brazilian influences. Some popular places to visit in Cape Verde include the capital city of Praia, the island of Sal, the island of Boa Vista, and the island of São Vicente.

9. Central African Republic

A landlocked country located in central Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including savannas, forests, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in the Central African Republic include the capital city of Bangui, the Dzanga-Sangha National Park, the Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, and the Bamingui-Bangoran National Park.

10. Chad

A landlocked country located in central Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Chad include the capital city of N’Djamena, the Ennedi Plate

11. Comoros

An archipelago of four islands located off the eastern coast of Africa with a rich history and culture influenced by Arab, African, and Malagasy influences. Some popular places to visit in Comoros include the capital city of Moroni, the island of Anjouan, the island of Moheli, and the island of Mayotte.

12. Democratic Republic of Congo

A large country located in central Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, mountains, and savannas. Some popular places to visit in the Democratic Republic of Congo include the capital city of Kinshasa, the Virunga National Park, the Kahuzi-Biega National Park, and the Maiko National Park.

13. Republic of Congo

A country located in central Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in the Republic of Congo include the capital city of Brazzaville, the Pointe-Noire beach, the Lefini Faunal Reserve, and the Diosso Falls.

14. Côte d’Ivoire

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Côte d’Ivoire include the capital city of Abidjan, the Comoé National Park, the Taï National Park, and the Grand-Bassam beach.

15. Djibouti

A small country located in East Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Djibouti include the capital city of Djibouti, the Day Forest National Park, the Goda Mountains, and the Moucha Island.

16. Egypt

A country located in northeastern Africa with a long history and a rich culture influenced by various civilizations, including the ancient Egyptians. Some popular places to visit in Egypt include Cairo, the capital city, Luxor, Aswan, and the Red Sea resorts.

17. Equatorial Guinea

A small country located on the west coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Equatorial Guinea include the capital city of Malabo, the island of Bioko, the Monte Alen National Park, and the Pico Basile.

18. Eritrea

A country located in northeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Eritrea include the capital city of Asmara, the Dahlak Archipelago, the Gash-Barka region, and the Semenawi Bahri National Park.

19. Ethiopia

A landlocked country located in northeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Ethiopia include the capital city of Addis Ababa, the historical city of Axum, the Simien Mountains National Park, and the Bale Mountains National Park.

20. Gabon

A country located on the west coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Gabon include the capital city of Libreville, the Loango National Park, the Lopé National Park, and the Mayumba National Park.

21. Gambia

A small country located on the west coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in The Gambia include the capital city of Banjul, the Abuko Nature Reserve, the Katchikally Crocodile Pool, and the Bao Bolong Wetland Reserve.

22. Ghana

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Ghana include the capital city of Accra, the Cape Coast Castle, the Kakum National Park, and the Mole National Park.

23. Guinea

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Guinea include the capital city of Conakry, the Fouta Djallon region, the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, and the Lola National Park.

24. Guinea-Bissau

A small country located on the west coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Guinea-Bissau include the capital city of Bissau, the Orango Islands National Park, the Cantanhez National Park, and the João Vieira and Poilão Marine National Park.

25. Kenya

A country located in East Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Kenya include the capital city of Nairobi, the Masai Mara National Reserve, the Amboseli National Park, and the Tsavo National Park.

26. Lesotho

A landlocked country located in southern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including mountains, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Lesotho include the capital city of Maseru, the Maluti Mountains, the Sehlabathebe National Park, and the Bokong Nature Reserve.

27. Liberia

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Liberia include the capital city of Monrovia, the Sapo National Park, the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, and the Gola Rainforest National Park.

28. Libya

A country located in North Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Libya include the capital city of Tripoli, the ancient city of Leptis Magna, the Ghadames oasis, and the Acacus Mountains.

29. Madagascar

An island country located off the southeastern coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Madagascar include the capital city of Antananarivo, the Ranomafana National Park, the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, and the Andringitra National Park.

30. Malawi

A landlocked country located in southeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Malawi include the capital city of Lilongwe, the Lake Malawi National Park, the Mulanje Massif, and the Liwonde National Park.

31. Mali

A landlocked country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Mali include the capital city of Bamako, the Dogon Country, the Tombouctou region, and the W National Park.

32. Mauritania

A country located in northwest Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Mauritania include the capital city of Nouakchott, the Banc d’Arguin National Park, the Adrar region, and the Chinguetti Mosque.

33. Mauritia

An island nation located in the Indian Ocean with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Mauritius include the capital city of Port Louis, the Black River Gorges National Park, the Chamarel Waterfall, and the Pamplemousses Garden.

34. Morocco

A country located in northwest Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, mountains, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Morocco include the capital city of Rabat, the city of Marrakech, the Atlas Mountains, and the Sahara Desert.

35. Mozambique

A country located in southeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Mozambique include the capital city of Maputo, the Quirimbas Archipelago, the Gorongosa National Park, and the Bazaruto Archipelago National Park.

36. Namibia

A country located in southern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Namibia include the capital city of Windhoek, the Etosha National Park, the Namib-Naukluft National Park, and the Skeleton Coast.

37. Niger

A landlocked country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Niger include the capital city of Niamey, the W National Park, the Agadez region, and the Air Mountains.

38. Nigeria

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Nigeria include the capital city of Abuja, Lagos city, the Yankari National Park, the Cross River National Park, and the Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove.

39. Rwanda

A landlocked country located in central Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Rwanda include the capital city of Kigali, the Nyungwe National Park, the Volcanoes National Park, and the Lake Kivu region.

40. São Tomé and Príncipe

An archipelago of two islands located off the west coast of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in São Tomé and Príncipe include the capital city of São Tomé, the Obo National Park, the Pico de São Tomé, and the Roça Agostinho Neto.

41. Senegal

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Senegal include the capital city of Dakar, the Goree Island, the Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary, and the Niokolo-Koba National Park.

42. Seychelles

An archipelago of 115 islands located in the Indian Ocean with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Seychelles include the capital city of Victoria, the Praslin Island, the La Digue Island, and the Aldabra Atoll.

43. Sierra Leone

A country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and beaches. Some popular places to visit in Sierra Leone include the capital city of Freetown, the Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary, the Bunce Island, and the Outamba-Kilimi National Park.

44. Somalia

A country located in East Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Somalia include the capital city of Mogadishu, the Laas Geel rock paintings, the Sof Omar Caves, and the Shabelle Valley.

45. South Africa

A country located at the southern tip of Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in South Africa include the capital city of Pretoria, the Kruger National Park, the Cape Town region, and the Garden Route.

46. South Sudan

A landlocked country located in northeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in South Sudan include the capital city of Juba, the Boma National Park, the Sudd Wetland, and the Nimule National Park.

47. Sudan

A country located in northeastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Sudan include the capital city of Khartoum, the Meroe Pyramids, the Dinder National Park, and the Suakin Island.

48. Swaziland

A landlocked country located in southern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including mountains, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Swaziland include the capital city of Mbabane, the Hlane Royal National Park, the Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Malkerns Valley.

49. Tanzania

A country located in eastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Tanzania include the capital city of Dodoma, the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Crater, and the Zanzibar Archipelago.

50. Togo

A small country located in West Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and wetlands. Some popular places to visit in Togo include the capital city of Lomé, the Fazao-Malfakassa National Park, the Koutammakou Landscape, and the Tamberma Valley.

51. Tunisia

A country located in North Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including deserts, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Tunisia include the capital city of Tunis, the ancient city of Carthage, the El Jem Colosseum, and the island of Djerba.

52. Uganda

A landlocked country located in eastern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Uganda include the capital city of Kampala, the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, the Murchison Falls National Park, and the Rwenzori Mountains.

53. Zambia

A landlocked country located in southern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Zambia include the capital city of Lusaka, the Victoria Falls, the Lower Zambezi National Park, and the South Luangwa National Park.

54. Zimbabwe

A landlocked country located in southern Africa with a diverse range of landscapes, including forests, savannas, and mountains. Some popular places to visit in Zimbabwe include the capital city of Harare, the Victoria Falls, the Hwange National Park, and the Matobo Hills.

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